Topic: What one symbol or image best summarizes who the Puritans were?
June 26, 2019 / By Amethyst Question:
~I need sources and good answers~
Why do you think that?
I'm doing this for a essay for around the time the Scarlet Letter was written
Ward | 4 days ago
I chose gravestones because I believe they speak volumes about the Puritan faith and belief in predestination. New England being largely founded by people seeking a place to practice their religion freely, you can often tributes of their devotion in religious quotes, biblical excerpts and phrases of praise. The severity of the Puritan religion often called for equally severe forewarnings, such as in the case of the following epitaph:
“Come mortal man & cash an eye,
read thy doom, prepare to die.”
The Puritans brought strong religious beliefs with them, beliefs which strongly influenced colonial life in New England. Traditional or orthodox Puritans believed that God held absolute power over man, and that man was essentially a worthless creature. Because of this, human beings were totally dependent on God's grace for their salvation. This meant that much of a Puritan's life was spent concentrating on strict religious thought and actions, in the hopes that they might become one of the ones who were worthy enough to enter Heaven.
Gravestone Designs Found in Windsor, CT
Death's Head, or Winged Skull - One of the earliest gravestone symbols is the death's head, or winged skull. These symbols reflect the strict orthodox Puritan values which were in practice from the 1620's to the early 1700's. The winged skull symbol pertains to life and death, and suggests the briefness of life and the power of death. The death's head depicts the soul's voyage through death.
1700 - 1745 - Gravestones in Palisado Cemetery, Windsor, CT contain death's head carvings from 1700 to 1745. This would be considered late in the time of orthodox Puritanism, and may indicate a desire of Windsor townfolk to hang on to traditional values. The symbols used are a winged skull or death's head image with hollow eyes and grinning mouth. These symbols are an abstract form of death, and represent either Puritan angels and resurrection, or the ultimate triumph of death. Inscriptions were brief and informative, without mention of one's character or position in life. Interestingly, flowers were sometimes carved on the edges of stones. This may have been a way for the Puritans to represent life, even if it was surrounded by images of death.
Winged Cherub - The 1700's brought a decline of orthodox Puritanism. Like the winged skull, the winged cherub symbolizes man's immortal side, but it suggests life rather than death, and the joy of resurrection.
1745 - 1790 - The winged cherub signals the de-skeletonization of the symbols of Puritanism. Eyes replace sockets, the mouth is happier, and the wings are more angelic. A Crown of Righteousness is sometimes added. The cherub's face is moon-like. Early faces of this period were flat-faced, but later faces were more rounded. Wings resemble dog's ears, and eyes are highly animated. "In Memory Of..." stones were carved as individual memorials and less of a statement of community beliefs. There was a move towards abstraction - the face is enveloped by wings and hair, and flowers are more abstract.
Urn and Willow - This symbol signals the beginning of a broad movement away from orthodox Puritanism. The urn represents the remains of human life. The willow symbolizes the mourning of the loss of earthly life and the joy of celestial life. Both symbols are borrowed from the ancient Greeks.
After 1790 - In Windsor, urn and willow symbols are found on stones dating from after 1790. The urn and willow symbolize commemoration, and were not an expression of hope for redemption. The Puritans were sure of their salvation at this point. The use of urn and willow symbolism could be called "neoclassic" style. This often means taking images from the past (like ancient Grecian urns and willows) and using them again in a new context.
Apostolic, Believer, In, One, God, Jesus
A group of people so uptight the English kicked them out.
PURITANISM: The fear that someone somewhere is having fun.
They were quite radical, actually. One of the first to say we want to be independent from a "church hierarchy", to read and have everyone read the Bible for themselves. They were quite amazing, really:
There is a good site for you to get tons of info
anything with a witch on it